building companies join forces with researchers to cut the energy
bill of existing buildings using both passive and active designs
to reach energy efficiency.
Tackling energy loss from buildings is one of the key objectives
to reach greater sustainability, when it comes to energy consumption.
The EU-funded BRICKER
project aims to develop ways of reducing energy consumption by
50% in existing buildings, within the next four years. Specifically,
it will turn public buildings in Spain,
Turkey and Belgium
into showcases to demonstrate the level of energy savings that
can be achieved. Project coordinator Juan Ramón de las
Cuevas Jiménez, is a mechanical engineer and a member of
the Energy Efficiency Installations group at the technological
centre of Spanish building contractor company Acciona,
based in Madrid. He talks to youris.com about ways of improving
energy efficiency in buildings.
What are the main trends in making buildings more sustainable?
Trends include the reduction of energy consumption through insulation
and the use of energy from renewable sources, such as solar, biomass
and geothermal energy. The market is moving towards low-energy
consumption buildings. This is covered in the project.
What is the key aspect, which makes this project unique?
It combines different active and passive technologies to achieve
energy efficiency, in an innovative way. The main breakthrough
will stem from the development of an innovative trigeneration
system for simultaneous generation of power, heating and cooling.
Its power capacity will be around 150 kW and its thermal capacity,
around 600 kW.
How will you implement this solution?
To produce the activation heat for this system, we will use roof
mounted parabolic solar collectors, working on a higher-than-usual
temperature, at about 250 to 270 °C. This system is already
used in industry, but not yet for public buildings.
Which other measures are you planning to use?
In the best practices book that the project is planning to publish,
we will take into consideration the renewable resources locally
available in each region. We will use biomass boilers, generating
heat from biomass, geothermal district heating and absorption
chillers, which use a heat source providing the energy needed
to drive the cooling system. This technology already exists, but
installations will be tailor-made for the project.
Passive technologies include new aerating
windows, with an integrated, newly patented electronic
heat exchanger, new PIR (PolyIsocyanurate)-based insulation foams
with embedded phase-change materials (PCM's) which are substances
capable of storing and releasing large amounts of energyand
state of the art ventilated facades, commercial windows and insulation
All in all, some technologies we use are already on the market,
some are innovative. It remains a challenge to integrate both
in real demonstration buildings.
Are retrofitted buildings a better solution than building entirely
new and more efficient buildings?
We made calculations to prove that a 50% reduction of energy consumption
is possible with retrofitting, starting from old and non-efficient
buildings. The investment levels in such measures are limited
to about 20% of the price to build a new similar building.
future of Women in Business April 24, 2014, 18:30 - 21:15
Location: Geelvinck Museum, Herengracht 518, 1017 CC Amsterdam
[this is not the regular museum entrance]
by the Amsterdam Economic Board.
The Savannah College
of Art and Design (SCAD) is a private, nonprofit, accredited institution
conferring bachelors and masters degrees at distinctive
locations and online to prepare talented students for professional
careers. SCAD offers degrees in more than 40 majors, as well as
minors in more than 60 disciplines, in Savannah and Atlanta, Georgia;
in Hong Kong; in Lacoste, France; and online through SCAD eLearning.
What is SCADpad?
evolved from one powerful question: How can design change the
world? As our global population continues to grow and concentrate
in cities, SCAD, as a transformer in art and design education,
has cultivated an entirely new vision of an urban community.
SCADpad embraces and advances the universitys deeply rooted
commitment to adaptive reuse by utilizing a parking structure
at SCAD Atlanta to create an inspirational and sustainable community
that proposes an answer to the growing urban housing challenges
cities are facing around the world. An interdisciplinary group
of SCAD students, faculty, and alumni worked for 10 months to
design and develop SCADpad from its architectural footprint
to custom furniture to remote home control to fit in the
mere 135-square-feet of a standard parking space. Each of the
three SCADpad units has a unique theme and visual identity, reflecting
SCADs global footprint. A common green space extends the
living area, creating a community environment. An organic garden
is fed by a greywater filtration and delivery system, while a
composting and recycling center helps ensure there is minimal
A rapid prototyping area featuring a 3D printer lets residents
customize their unit to their preferences and needs a perfect
way to maximize life in a micro house.
impact of culture on education
by Huib Wursten, Senior Partner, itim International and
Carel Jacobs is senior consultant/trainer for itim in The Netherlands,
he is also Certification Agent for the Educational Sector of the
More than 50% of
global IG (Internet Governance) is conducted in Geneva. The
Internet Governance Forum (IGF), the main IG umbrella body,
is based in Geneva. Telecommunication issues are addressed by
the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). For online
human rights, there is the UN Human Rights Council. The
Geneva Internet Platform
will add to this vibrant scene by bridging policy silos, strengthening
the participation of small and developing countries, monitoring
digital policies, and facilitating research for evidence-based
UNESCO is seeking input from major stakeholders and experts for
its study of Internet-related issues and future options within
the UNESCO mandate. Responses are requested before 30 November
2014. Governments, private sector, civil society, academia, international
organizations and the technical community are amongst those encouraged
and the culture it reflects dependent as it is on fossil fuels,
has contributed to the cause and necessity of a burgeoning green
process that emerged over the past half century. This text is
the first to offer a comprehensive critical history and analysis
of the greening of architecture through accumulative reduction
of negative environmental effects caused by buildings, urban designs
and settlements. Describing the progressive development of green
architecture from 1960 to 2010, it illustrates how it is ever
evolving and ameliorated through alterations in form, technology,
materials and use and it examines different places worldwide that
represent a diversity of cultural and climatic contexts. The book
is divided into seven chapters: with an overview of the environmental
issues and the nature of green architecture in response to them,
followed by an historic perspective of the pioneering evolution
of green technology and architectural integration over the past
five decades, and finally, providing the intransigent and culturally
pervasive current examples within a wide range of geographic territories.
The greening of architecture is seen as an evolutionary process
that is informed by significant world events, climate change,
environmental theories, movements in architecture, technological
innovations, and seminal works in architecture and planning throughout
each decade over the past fifty years. This time period is bounded
on one end by the awareness of environmental problems beginning
in the 1960's, the influential texts by Rachel Carson, E.F. Schumacher,
Buckminster Fuller and Steward Brand, and the impact of the OPEC
Oil Embargo of 1973, and on the other end the pervasiveness of
the necessary greening of architecture that includes, systemic
reforms in architectural and urban design, land use planning,
transportation, agriculture, and energy production found in the
2000's. The greening process moves from remediation to holistic
models of architecture. Geographical landscapes give a global
account of the greening process where some examples are parallel
and sympathetic, and others are in clear contrast to one another
with very individuated approaches. Certain events, like the Rio
Summit in 1992 and Kyoto Protocol in 1997, and themes, such as
the Hannover Principles in 2000, provide a dynamic ideological
critique as well as a formal and technical discussion of the embodied
and accumulative content of greening principles in architecture.
keeps energy leaders awake at night?
World Energy Issues Monitor 2014 by the World Energy Council
In times of unprecedented uncertainty
for the energy sector, the pressure and challenge to further develop
and transform the our systems to secure a sustainable energy future
is immense. WECs Energy Leaders dialogue over the
year 2013 has shown that with this outlook business as usual is
not an option.
The World Energy Issues Monitor 2014 helps to define the world
energy agenda and its evolution over time. It provides a high-level
perception of what constitute issues of critical uncertainty,
in contrast to those that require immediate action or act as a
developing signal for the future. As such, it has developed into
an essential tool in understanding the complex and uncertain environment
within which energy leaders must operate and a tool through which
decision makers can challenge their own assumptions on the key
drivers within the energy landscape.
The 2014 edition is the culmination of a six-month study capturing
the views of over 800 energy leaders including ministers, chief
executives and the heads of the WECs national members committees
covering 84 countries. The report, which highlights strong regional
variations, looks at the global energy agenda and analyses the
trends and outlook in six world regions plus 24 countries.
(born 1945) is a
Norwegian academic, professor of climate strategy at the ,
and practitioner in the field of future studies.
(born 1945) is professor of climate strategy at the BI
Norwegian Business School,
where he works on climate and energy issues, scenario analysis
and system dynamics. He lectures widely at home and abroad on
sustainable development issues particularly climate change
for all types of corporate and non-corporate audiences.
Jorgen Randers is non-executive member of several corporate boards
in Norway, including the state owned Postal Service. He also sits
on the sustainability council of The Dow Chemical Company in the
US and (until recently) of British Telecom in the UK. He chaired
the Commission on Low Greenhouse Gas Emissions who reported in
2006 to the Norwegian cabinet on how Norway can cut is climate
gas emissions by two thirds by 2050. He was President of the Norwegian
Business School BI 1981 89, and Deputy Director General
of WWF International (World Wide Fund for Nature) in Switzerland
What could be done to avoid my sad forecast? Five recommendations
1) Slow population growth
Have fewer children especially in the rich world where
each child has a high footprint.
Concretely this means to reduce the tacit, pro-natalist attitudes
which still dominate modern societies, both rich and poor. More
fundamentally, it amounts to welcoming women who choose a career
rather than more children. It amounts to agreeing that caring
for a larger number of old people is not best solved through immigration,
but through an increase in the pension age. It amounts to understanding
that when the fraction of old increases, the fraction of young
declines, so the total support burden of young and
old divided by those aged 15-65 actually stays relatively constant
throughout. The working age groups will have to care for the old
not in addition to, but instead of, caring for the young.
2) Reduce the ecological footprint
Eliminate greenhouse gas emissions from coal, oil and gas, first
in the rich world
The simplest approach would be to ban the use of coal, oil and
gas in rich countries. One practical way would be to introduce
a carbon tax of 100 euro per ton of CO2 emitted and a border tax
adjustment to reduce carbon leakage. (This would roughly treble
the price of coal-based electricity from 5 to 15 eurocents per
kWh, and make it more expensive than many renewable energy sources.)
But it is politically impossible to introduce a high carbon tax
because voters resist the resulting jump in the energy bill in
the short run. Thus reducing the footprint amounts to gaining
public acceptance for a small sacrifice today in order to create
a better life for our grandchildren. It amounts to making voters
accept slightly higher living costs. It amounts to obtaining political
support for deliberate slowing of consumption growth in order
to give room for more growth in long term investment.
3) Help the poor with clean energy
Construct a modern low-carbon energy system in the poor world,
paid for by the rich world.
Concretely this means that the rich world would take the initiative,
obtain agreement with the recipient countries, and pay for a climate-friendly
energy system in the poor world. The energy system would be based
on sustainable hydro, wind, solar and biomass resources, and most
likely supplemented with carbon capture and storage retrofits
on utilities burning fossil fuels. This energy system would both
reduce climate emissions and suffering.
At the more fundamental level this recommendation amounts to obtaining
political support for a reorientation of existing funds for development
4) Temper short-termism
Establish supra-national institutions to help nations adopt policy
that help our grandchildren.
Concretely this means to delegate the authority to decide on certain
matters to wise, quick and powerful entities which are beyond
the day-to-day control of national parliaments and their voters.
There is a good model in the central banks that exist in most
civilized countries and decide on the size of the money supply
without frequent democratic interference. A Global Central
Bank for Climate authorized to decide on the maximum greenhouse
gas emissions for each member nation, and providing advice (and
preferably finance) to achieve the cuts, might do the trick. It
could be built on the shoulders of the IPCC.
At the deepest level, this proposal amounts to gaining acceptance
in the population for the benefits of strong government in situations
where a problem is better solved by a supernational institution
than by market democracy.
5) Establish new goals for rich society
Pursue increased well-being in a world without growth.
Once beyond a certain threshold, increased income does not lead
to increased well-being. At least when you havent anyone
to compare with. But there is always the neighbour or friend who
gets a raise and triggers your desire/need for higher income
irrespective of how rich you were in the first place. This vicious
circle could be broken by banning future income raise, and concentrating
social attention on increasing your well-being within the limitations
of a fixed annual income. This shift from growth in income to
growth in well-being will make even more sense in the future when
per capita income will remain stable in spite of the rich countries
continuing attempts to achieve growth.
But I dont think we will see democratic decisions to stop
income growth. Slightly less improbable is a future decision to
reduce the number of hours worked per year. A shorter work year
could be sold as a gradual increase in the number of vacation
days (replacing the gradual increase in wages). This would reduce
income growth, and motivate for further focus on increased well-being
which is natural when people have more free time and less
This amounts to convincing the majority of something that most
middle and upper class people already know (but do not follow)
namely that more money does not make you happier.
Will the rich world follow these five recommendations? I dont
think so. At least not beyond the level assumed in the 2052 forecast.
Capitalism and democracy will prevail more or less as is, and
respond to global problems once they have occurred, not up front.
And when responding, focus on what is cheapest in the short run.
2052-A GLOBAL FORECAST
FOR THE NEXT FORTY YEARS
Season Events 2013 / 2014
24, 2014 the
future of Women in Business April 24, 2014, 18:30 - 21:15
Herengracht 518, 1017 CC Amsterdam [this
is not the regular museum entrance]
by the Amsterdam Economic Board.
May 29, 2014 the
future of Green Architecture
existing houses and historic buildings. Zero-energy
buildings. May 29, 2014, 18:30 - 21:15
Day / Hemelvaartsdag
Herengracht 518, 1017 CC Amsterdam [this
is not the regular museum entrance]
the Club of Amsterdam www.clubofamsterdam.com/event.asp?contentid=903
future of Transformation June 26, 2014, 18:30 - 21:15