Technologies for the Next Decade
Cientifica White Paper,
By Tim Harper, CEO, Dexter Johnson, Strategy Director, Hailing
Yu, Research Director,
Tim is an Expert of the Club of Amsterdam
Investment Strategies for the 21st Century
Dwindling resources and lack of mechanisms to exploit technology
present opportunities as well as risks
Prophets, priests, scientists and environmentalists have been gleefully
predicting the end of the world for several millennia but it won't
happen. One of the reasons that the human species has been so successful
has been our ability to adapt to changing environments, enabling
us, like viruses, to colonise almost every part of the planet and
make use of every available resource.
But there is a problem - we have made use of every available resource,
and while some, like silicon make up 25.7% of the Earth's crust
by weight and are to all intents and purposes inexhaustible, many
others such as indium are not. The problem is compounded by many
of the scarcer elements being a small cog in a large wheel, so while
materials such as aluminium, steel and many plastics can be and
are recycled, recovering the small amounts of indium from broken
touch screens is neither feasible nor cost effective. So what can
we do with increasingly scarce resources? The problems with elements,
as opposed to compounds, is that as fundamental building blocks
we cannot create more material, nor is there an abundant source
of material containing the elements in question. If we need hydrogen
or oxygen they can be simply made from water, but there are few
abundant compounds containing rare earths. As a result we need to
find a new solution, and quickly.
Which brings us to the question of investment in emerging technologies.
The first decade of the 21st Century was characterised by unfocussed
hype, with investors piling in and then out of ill defined areas
such as nanotechnology and cleantech, leaving few of them richer
or any the wiser. The problem was that, seduced by visions of a
technological utopia (or perhaps too much Star Trek), bets were
placed on technologies not products, but faced with being left behind
in a Gold Rush, many investors were quite happy to toss their investing
rule book out of the window, again and again, and again.
However, the same decade was also characterised by an unprecedented
level of global scientific investment in areas from nanotechnology
to synthetic biology, and while the investment community was either
wrestling with pushing technologies onto a tech-agnostic world,
or reliving the dot.com days, this has led to somewhat of a technological
overhang (i.e. while the markets may not have needed some of the
recent technological developments, they are there and waiting to
be exploited). Over the coming decade we expect this glacier of
emerging but rapidly maturing science to calve a number of world
With this technological overhang waiting to be exploited, and in
order to prevent the waste of yet more billions by venture capital,
local and regional development agencies, and companies, here's our
view of where the hot new growth areas of the second decade of the
century will be and why we need to focus on the applications, not
We see the opportunities falling into two broad categories, 'Doing
More With Less' and 'ReplacingScarce Resources.' Taking both areas
together we have the basis of a real 21st Century sustainable technology
investment model, one that fills the gap between the grimy present
reality and the sunlit sustainable future.
Doing More With Less
Most of the focus of 'Clean Tech' has been on producing new sources
of sustainable energy, wind, solar, and new forms of electric propulsion
being the poster children. However, the attention showered on these
areas has led to an intensely competitive situation, with both the
amounts of investment required to become a 'player' and the deal
valuations climbing into the billions of dollars.
Konarka Technologies, one of the earliest players in the thin film
photovoltaics area, has burned through over $100 million in VC funding
without seeing much in the way of revenues, while Nanosolar has
raised $295 million to date. While we are confident that the problem
of producing cheap, high-output, photovoltaics using a roll-to-roll
process will be solved one day, it will take several hundreds of
millions of dollars to become a major player, and that's not something
many investors can stomach.
It is a similar story with battery technologies, huge amounts of
investment, a large number of players, an uncertain market and an
end result of two or three dominant technologies. This looks like
shark-infested waters from an investment point of view.
With much of the silly money already committed to the more obvious
clean-tech projects such as solar, where then should we look for
While the chase steps up for new energy sources (remembering that
fusion has been twenty years a way for the last forty years) a quicker
and cheaper solution is to make better use of existing resources.
will take ten to twenty years for new sources for renewables to
become competitive with existing sources and
forces will drive up the cost of dwindling resources in the meantime
investment levels in renewables have priced many investors out
of the market then many of the real opportunities lie in mitigating
the economic impact of dwindling resources, i.e. making better
use of what is currently available as discussed in our March 2007
white paper 'Nanotech:Cleantech.'
Typical examples are
better insulated buildings using aero gels which can help reduce
30% of carbon emissions generated from households, while lighter,
stronger materials based on nanotechnology are being used in cars,
buses and aeroplanes to dramatically improve fuel efficiency. Simultaneously,
advances in fuelcells and hybrid electric powered vehicles are enabling
the world's largest automotive manufacturers to produce low- or
zero-emission vehicles that combine energy efficiency with the kind
of performance with which consumers have grown accustomed. Nanomaterials
such as graphene and carbon nanotubes are crucial in these applications.
In the meantime, the use of fuel-borne catalysts based on nanomaterials
are being used to improve diesel fuel efficiency by as much as 10%.
Replacing scarce resources
The last twenty thousand years of human society has been characterised
by an increasing sophistication in our use of materials sourced
from the natural environment. As a species we have moved from early
tools fashioned from 'found' materials such as bone and flint to
increasingly sophisticated and engineered materials.
However, despite our technological sophistication, many of these
materials, steel and aluminium for example are still based on ore
extraction, many polymers are still based on oil, and even highly
sophisticated devices such as semiconductors are based on the energy
intensive modification of naturally occurring materials.
Even commonly used drugs are based on natural resources whose supply
can be affected by global trade and climatic variations.The limiting
factor in the manufacture of the antiviral drug Tamiflu (oseltamivir),
for example, is the availability of shikimic acid, which is obtained
industrially from the spice star anise. Roche already buys some
90% of the harvest, with thirteen grams of star anise making 1.3
grams of shikimic acid, which can be made into 10 oseltamivir 75
With a rapidly increasing global population, the demand for resources
of all kinds is increasing, from steel to electricity, from food
to medicine.The Global Footprint Network estimates that "It
would now take nearly one and a half Earths to generate all the
resources humanity consumes and absorb all our CO2
emissions, according to the latest Ecological Footprint
and biocapacity calculations"
Our Ecological Footprint (Source Global Footprint Network)
This leads to a number
of major problems, both economic and political. The issues of oil
supply and energy independence are well documented, but an article
published in New Scientist in April 2007 paints a rather pessimistic
picture of the state of many natural resources indicating that some
crucial materials such as Indium have only fifteen years supply
A global recession has changed the picture somewhat, with resource
prices tumbling from their 2008 peak, and market forces will, of
course, put a brake on the use of some materials as scarcity drives
up prices, but it is an inescapable fact that we are approaching
the end of the line in some areas, if not in fifteen years, then
in twenty or thirty.
Of perhaps more concern is the reliance on extractive industries
for the supply of a number of highly important rare earths that
are relatively concentrated in a few locations. The situation is
exacerbated by the lack of rare earth processing available outside
China. As a result China now controls 97% of the global supply of
17 rare earths.
Global demand for rare earths has tripled from 40,000 tonnes to
120,000 tonnes over the past 10 years, during which time China has
steadily cut annual exports from 48,500 tonnes to 31,310 tonnes.
The old way of doing
Avalon Rare Metals,
a Toronto-listed mining company, estimates that about 25% of new
green technologies rely on minor metals and rare earths. A typical
example is Neodymium, one of the most common rare earths, which
is a key part of neodymiumiron-boron magnets used in hyper-efficient
motors and generators. Around two tonnes of neodymium are needed
for each wind turbine.
Lanthanum, another REE, is a major ingredient for hybrid car batteries
(each Prius uses up to 15kg), while terbium is vital for low-energy
light bulbs and cerium is used in catalytic converters.
Each electric Prius motor requires 1 kilogram (2.2 lb) of neodymium,
and each battery uses 10 to 15 kg (22-33 lb) of lanthanum. That
number is expected to nearly double under plans to boost the fuel
economy. While the supply of petrochemicals and rare earths is grabbing
headlines, a similar situation exists across many commodities, with
limited supplies and political independence threatening the feedstock
of industries ranging from semiconductors to construction.
While some may recoil in horror at the apocalyptic scenarios being
suggested, others may view this as an opportunity. Previous attempts
at predicting the relationship between population growth and resources
have always failed to take technological advance into account, and
there is no reason to believe that the 21st century doomsday scenarios
will be any more valid than Thomas Malthus' 18th century ones.
Why? Because just as improvements in agriculture ensured that the
growing population would not be limited by food production, improvements
in areas such as nanotechnology, industrial biotechnology and synthetic
biology are all showing the potential to alleviate a raw materials
crisis. Nanotechnology is engineering on the scale of atoms and
small molecules. What that means to natural resources is that instead
of extracting and purifying ores we can now start to think about
what properties an ideal material for a specific application might
be and begin to design one. If that sounds far fetched then we only
have to look at how nature has designed almost perfect materials
for structures (bone, that is rigid without being brittle and to
some extent self healing), data processing (neurons) and data storage
(DNA contains all the instructions needed to build a complex structure
like a human being, and fits all of this into less space than Microsoft
Office would take up).
The Toyota Prius - Clean,
green but highly dependent on rare earths
Through the use of
nanotechnologies we can now start to develop processes that do not
use rare resources, for example using carbon nanotubes and metallic
nanoparticles in polymers to make them conducting rather than applying
thin layers of indium tin oxide. As resource prices climb, engineering
alternative materials becomes increasingly viable, both from a scientific
and a financial viewpoint.
We should be clear here that the holy grail of 'materials by design'
is some way outside the investment horizon for most institutions,
but there is a half way house already available, by combining new
and old materials, nanotubes and polymers for example, to create
something more suitable than traditional materials. Typical examples
include conducting polymers for applications from electronics to
the automotive industry, and nanomaterials reinforced composite
materials designed to replace heavier materials such as steel or
costly ones such as aluminium or titanium.
While it is unlikely that these new materials will ever completely
replace existing ones, in the same way that new electronic materials
will never fully replace silicon, the increased range of options
allows us to reduce the rate at which natural resources are being
Industrial, or White Biotechnology has acquired something of a bad
name recently due to its use in the production of biofuels from,
or at the expense of, food crops but the potential for sustainability
runs much deeper.
By engineering organisms to convert a basic feedstock into a higher
value product, applications, industrial biotechnology allows a more
sustainable chemistry to be developed, both reducing the chemical
industry's dependence on petrochemical products and allowing smaller
scale, more local production to take place. By concentrating on
using byproducts as feedstock rather than as a primary product,
the technology has the potential to create high-value fine chemicals
and pharmaceuticals from what would otherwise be classed as waste
As with nanotechnology, industrial biotechnology will never replace
existing production methods, but once again gives us a wider range
of more sustainable options to choose from. In the end, it will
be resource prices and market demand that drive the industry.
Deng Xiaoping - Resource
The world is going through what some have described as a 'Golden
Age of Science,' but more importantly the combination of scientific
advances plus computing power plus Internet communication is allowing
science to proceed at an ever faster rate, while the communications
via the Internet, twitter and mobile devices such as iPads have
increased scientists awareness of other disciplines. The age of
microfiches and ordering reprints of journal articles is long gone,
which has vastly increased scientific productivity.
New materials and production methods are emerging, some of which
have the potential to initially supplement, and possibly replace
existing materials and production methods.
While that means that business opportunities based on science and
engineering are increasing dramatically, these must be carefully
mapped to the addressable markets. We believe that 'Doing More With
Less' and 'Replacing Scarce Resources' represent an irresistible
market pull, and something that smart investors will use to channel
the fruits of the new scientific renaissance.
See also the Club of Amsterdam blog
Technologies for the Next Decade
the future of CERN
the future of CERN
CERN is the European Organization for Nuclear Research near Geneva,
Switzerland, and famous for its particle accelerators, such as
the Large Hadron Collider.
Thursday, June 3, 2010
Location: WTC Amsterdam, Metropolitan Boardroom of Amsterdam In
A dialogue between
Sergio Bertolucci, Director for Research and Computing, CERN
located in Regensdorf, Switzerland, and managed by SAP Research
CEC Zurich, is a joint effort between SAP Research and industrial
and academic partner organizations to foster research and development
in retail, trade, and logistics.
One major goal of the
Future Retail Center is to improve the customer experience while
optimizing in-store processes with intelligent deployment of IT
and SAP systems. RFID, sensor-based systems, and other information
and communications technologies enable the complete visibility and
traceability of handling units along the supply chain. These systems
and technologies can be used to automate and optimize end-to-end
processes generating a tremendous benefit for businesses
and customers. As a result, visualization of in-store stock and
automatic replenishment processes may be realized in the near future.
The Future Retail Center
is divided into three scenarios with unique goals:
- Enable customers
to navigate stores using mobile devices
- Automate stores
with automatic stock and replenishment processes
- Manage stores, warehouses,
and plants with Smart Vending Machines, controlled remotely or
from plants or retail stores, over a digital map
- Optimize processes,
from the production stage to the store floor, with different solutions
along the supply chain
of Amsterdam blog
of Amsterdam blog
June 16: Deep
June 16: Leadership
Technologies for the Next Decade
May 10: What
is the future of natural gas in Europe?
April 8: The
Dawn of the Intelligent Planet
about the Future
PDF format, 7.2MB
The Energy Outlook for Asia and the Pacific () aims to estimate,
for each of the regional members of the Asian Development Bank (ADB),
the future demand for energy, supply options to 2030 for a business-as-usual
scenario, investment requirements for meeting this demand, and the
resulting CO2 emissions potential associated with increasing energy
demand. The Energy Outlook also attempts to identify key issues
that need to be considered to mitigate the adverse impacts of the
increasing energy demand in the region.
firm wants to transform the Moon into a giant solar power plant
The Shimizu Corporation, a Japanese construction firm, has recently
proposed a plan to harness solar energy on a larger scale than almost
any previously proposed concept. Their ambitious plan involves building
a belt of solar cells around the Moons 6,800-mile (11,000-kilometer)
equator, converting the electricity to powerful microwaves and lasers
to be beamed at Earth, and finally converting the beams back to electricity
at terrestrial power stations. The Luna Ring concept, the company
says, could meet the entire world's energy needs.
Are Not a Gadget
For the most part, Web 2.0 - Internet technologies that encourage
interactivity, customization, and participation - is hailed as an
emerging Golden Age of information sharing and collaborative achievement,
the strength of democratized wisdom. Jaron Lanier isn't buying it.
In You Are Not a Gadget, the longtime tech guru/visionary/dreadlocked
genius (and progenitor of virtual reality) argues the opposite:
that unfettered - and anonymous - ability to comment results in
cynical mob behavior, the shouting-down of reasoned argument, and
the devaluation of individual accomplishment. Lanier traces the
roots of today's Web 2.0 philosophies and architectures (e.g. he
posits that Web anonymity is the result of '60s paranoia), persuasively
documents their shortcomings, and provides alternate paths to "locked-in"
paradigms. Though its strongly-stated opinions run against the bias
of popular assumptions, You Are Not a Gadget is a manifesto,
not a screed; Lanier seeks a useful, respectful dialogue about how
we can shape technology to fit culture's needs, rather than the
way technology currently shapes us.
of Illinois Scientists Demonstrate Us Little
Solutions to Create More
Even if silicon is
actually the market normal semiconductor in most electronic products,
which includes the solar cells that photo voltaic panels use to
convert sunshine into power, it is not really the most cost-efficient
material on the market. For instance, the semiconductor gallium
arsenide and similar compound semiconductors offer nearly two times
the performance as silicon in photo voltaic products, however they
are rarely employed in utility-scale applications mainly because
of their excessive production price.
University of Illinois
professors J. Rogers and X. Li investigated lower-cost methods to
create thin films of gallium arsenide which also granted adaptability
in the sorts of products they might be integrated into.
If you may lower significantly
the expense of gallium arsenide and other compound semiconductors,
then you can expand their own range of applications.
arsenide is placed in a single thin layer on a smaller wafer. Either
the wanted device is created directly on the wafer, or the semiconductor-coated
wafer is cut up into chips of the ideal dimension. The Illinois
team considered to put in multiple levels of the material on a one
wafer, producing a layered, "pancake" stack of gallium
arsenide thin films.
If you grow ten levels
in one growth, you only have to fill the wafer 1 time. If you do
this in ten growths, loading and unloading with temperature ramp-up
as well as ramp-down get a lot of time. If you consider exactly
what is necessary for every growth - the machine, the preparation,
the time, the people - the overhead saving this approach presents
is a important price decrease.
Following the researchers
separately peel off the layers and transport them. To complete this,
the stacks swap layers of aluminum arsenide with the gallium arsenide.
Bathing the stacks in a formula of acid and an oxidizing agent dissolves
the levels of aluminum arsenide, freeing the single small sheets
of gallium arsenide. A soft stamp-like device picks up the layers,
1 at a time from the top down, for move to another substrate - glass,
plastic or silicon, depending on the application. Next the wafer
could be used again for one more growth.
By executing this it's
possible to produce much more material a lot more quickly and more
price efficiently. This process could produce mass amounts of material,
as compared to just the thin single-layer way in which it is usually
Freeing the material
from the wafer additionally starts the possibility of flexible,
thin-film electronics produced with gallium arsenide or other high-speed
semiconductors. To make units that may conform but still keep higher
efficiency, which is significant.
In a document written
and published online May twenty in the academic journal Nature,
the team details its techniques and shows 3 kinds of units making
use of gallium arsenide chips made in multilayer stacks: light devices,
high-speed transistors and photo voltaic cells. The authors additionally
supply a comprehensive cost comparability.
One more benefit associated
with the multilayer technique is the release from area constraints,
especially essential for photo voltaic cells. As the layers are
removed from the stack, they can be laid out side-by-side on an
additional substrate in order to generate a much bigger surface
area, whereas the typical single-layer procedure limits area to
the size of the wafer.
you need large area coverage to catch as much sunshine as achievable.
In an extreme situation we might grow enough layers to have 10 times
the area of the standard.
Up coming, the team
programs to investigate more potential item applications and other
semiconductor resources which could adapt to multilayer growth.
Shannon Combs publishes
articles for the residential
solar power systems
web site, her personal hobby blog centered on guidelines to help
home owners to save energy with solar power.
Zero means All
Expert of the Club of Amsterdam
Authors: Rémi Boutinet, Prarthana Kalaskar, Arnab B Chowdhury
- Core members, IndiaThinks
research arm, which focuses on Strategies that unite Knowledge-Business-Consciousness
in harmony. www.ninad.biz
is associated with Auroville Dental Care Centre
"ma 27 ta 54116", says Gomathi, "is the treatment for
this child" and performs it successfully. Success is measured
by the width of the smile on the child's face that reaches the eyes
and his/her willingness to come back happily in case some other problem
Gomathi, a housewife,
is one of the few health hygienists from rural India who have been
trained for dental health care. An important element of the small
dental care ripple that is revolutionizing life, she works in the
villages neighbouring Auroville, Tamil Nadu, (south India). The
focus of this programme is training women and primarily treating
children: treat the children and train them well in dental care
while young and they will have fewer problems when they grow up.
The treatment "ma
27 ta 54116" meant filing a cavity of "the second left
upper molar filling in occlusal surface with composite", indeed
a unique way of communicating a diagnosis. The treatment and its
delivery are unique too!
Smile is the measure of Success!
dental care programme holds enormous potential to be replicated,
scaled, sustained and co-opted along with other health care initiatives,
What we have here is
a perfect integration of:
- experiential knowledge
- open access for
all individuals to this knowledge-practice
- a learning that
can be implemented without any discrimination or cultural barriers
- creation of a sense
of service to one's community
- a respectable remuneration
with minimal investment
You own your teeth, so look after them well! (Children check their
All one needs is a
flat surface for the patient to lie upon, a stool for the dental
health worker and minimal necessary instruments and materials to
perform the basic treatments. In practice, basic treatments can
be carried out on the field: in schools, village halls or in health
centres with minimum equipment and resources.
The dental health worker
is trained by dentists in Atraumatic Restoration Treatment (ART).
ART for dental care developed in Tanzania in the mid-80s. The World
Health Organisation (WHO) started to actively promote it in the
early 90s as the first line of dental treatment in developing countries.
ART is an approach for both prevention and treatment of dental caries
in children and grown ups. ART equips dental health workers to spot
caries early and treat them immediately with minimal tools and infrastructure.
For this particular
dental health care programme, the "ART" technique is associated
with Zero Concept and Proprioception.
design and practice
Zero Concept and
and neck pains were the bane of my life" said Dr. Jacques Verré,
the founder of the Auroville Dental Care Centre and this programme;
"most dentists suffer from them; it is a like a professional
hazard. But ever since I learned and started to use Concept Zero
and PD during my practice, I have been a happy man. I also taught
it to my colleagues. Now my patients, my assistants, fellow doctors
and I are free from pains that occur during treatment" (Dr.
Verré is a Frenchman settled in Auroville, India). Dr. Amar
Raja his colleague at the main Centre, Ms Suryagandhi who heads
the rural dental care programme and looks after the main Centre
agree with him wholeheartedly.
clinic looks like a Zen temple equipped with some state-of-art gadgets
Dental care can be provided anywhere
Zero, an ancient Indian
concept, starts with 'nothing' (not a thing) --- absence of preconceptions
or biases. The general idea of Zero Concept is that, for a given
condition, there is an elemental or basic condition to which it
can be compared to and from which other conditions can be inferred.
When applied to health care, health or the absence of need for care
is the goal, and is represented by the numeric 0.
from Latin) is the self-awareness of the position and movements
within our own body. There is an instinctive logical response of
our body to perform a precise task for its optimal use. Only a state
of body balance (Ø condition) in free space allowing free
movements can enhance our manual skills with more accuracy and less
tension. This inborn physical perception called "Proprioceptive
Derivation" (PD) is not a question of culture but is characteristic
of all human beings, a common heritage.
This form of dentistry is the result of a life-long pursuit
of a better way to practice dentistry by American dentist, Dr. Daryl
Beach, residing in Osaka, Japan. He redesigned the dentistry equipment
through Proprioceptive Derivation (PD) to let the body of the performer
move freely in open space - avoid stressful positions and useless
waste of energy. The best position of the operator's head, body,
and fingers is determined by masked-eye tests using the proprioceptive
senses of the body. The proprioceptive senses of the body are used
to derive the most ergonomic design of dental equipment and instruments.
Typically, one needs about 20 forceps to address ailments of 32
different types of teeth. With this method the need is only for
The result is a new
way of performing dentistry!
The relationship of
operator to patient is stabilized and consistently keeps the dentist
in a full upright alert seated posture behind the head of the patient.
The dentist's upright posture allows the best control of the fine
stabilized finger movements required when operating in the mouth
and on the teeth positioned at the "zero" point. The patient
is offered a lying or full rest position for treatment on a stable
horizontal support. The traditional tilting dental chair is of no
use as it even jeopardizes the balance of the operator, the operator
does not bend over the patient anymore in a stressful posture causing
life-long back pain.
Zero Concept of Health
is based on "Experience" or "a Sensing" -- Proprioception.
The concept centers on "knowing" the positions, movements,
contacts and discomfort that we sense within our bodies as both
providers and receivers of care. The scope of concerns includes
derivation of all acts, space and human interface with technology
in clinics, hospitals or field care for achieving desired outcomes.
Learning to "know" - Image - Zero Point
Thus Zero Concept and
Proprioceptive Derivation (PD) can be applied to the entire range
of health care pursuit and Life in general. However, there is still
a long way to go for this concept to reach out and be accepted in
the conservative world of dentistry.
sustainability approach for Health Care
- Positive health
is in extending the knowing to doing
- Knowledge (expressed
and latent) is an asset
- Shared knowledge
and collaborative action foster "health equities"
- Equities "hold
and carry" value - emotional and tangible
- Losses are to be
seized as occasions for learning in real time
- Profits are to be
measured in terms of larger, intense and long-term impacts measured
over a generation of population
Language for Outreach:
innovative and universal, this concept disrupts the traditional
habits and thoughts and perhaps the present business model and profit-seeking
motivation of the equipment manufacturers. Resistance to Zero Concept
and Proprioceptive Derivation (PD) also stems from a lack of knowledge
about the technique and the acceptance of the concept of minimal
This way of doing dentistry is being practiced by very few dentists
and these dentists are scattered throughout the world.
Dr. Beach developed
a syllabo-numeric language for easy and precise communication. The
global terms, which can be both written and spoken, use the most
common syllables in the world (ma, me, mi, mu, mo, ta, te, to
in combination with digits. The numeric 0 is the basic reference
for easy codification and classification of information. Example:
the lingo "ma li le", also written "ma 21",
designates the upper left incisor. In this case, "ma"
means the mouth in its xyz coordinates, li or 2 means the first
quarter (upper left) and, le or 1 means the first teeth of the quarter.
The jaws are indeed numbered clockwise into four intuitive quarters.
Learning Syllabo-numeric terms: mi300 ma43 mo33
Description: Tip of the third right finger on the lower right canine
on the vestibular surface
More advanced example
sited earlier is for a treatment: "ma 27 ta 54116" means
"the second left upper molar filling in occlusal surface with
composite". This means, all dentists (no matter which country
they belong to or the dental courses they have studied) and even
a hygienist who has no scientific background, can record her work
and can communicate without misunderstanding. The Global Terms are
learnt together with the PD exercises.
Gains without Pains: A win-win for all!
Gain from the care
- The programme is
based on the universal 'Zero(Ø) Concept', a reasoning applied
to Proprioceptive Derivation (PD) and is easy to learn
- Recognised as para-medical
training programme, the Atraumatic Restoration Treatment (ART)
is promoted by the WHO for developing countries where local population
is trained to deliver basic dental care
- The health workers
are trained in the Zero Concept reasoning, which consists of a
series of self-awareness exercises aimed at finding out one's
preferred body conditions.
- A syllabo-numeric
terminology to describe various dental conditions and their treatment
help the dental health workers to overcome language barriers
- Thus equipped, the
health workers can perform basic treatments in the most efficient
Zero Concept on the Table (Child on the table)
Gain from the care
- Location for treatment
can be a school verandah, temple hall or even under a tree. Simple
natural settings drives away fears of visiting a dentist/dental
- Prevention is key:
simple and early cares prevents tooth extraction, pain, painful
- The care provider
belongs to the same community and is easily accessible, this induces
a willingness to get the treatment
- Timely treatment
is almost pain free and encourages the young and old to seek it,
besides it reduces further deterioration of dental problems
- Costs for basic
treatment are minimal and therefore affordable.
as Outreach Agents
of technique arouses curiosity among children who then become potential
care-providers, confirming the sustainability loop from the human
resource point of view.
As of now about 20
women dental health workers across 10 sub-centres cater to a population
of 25,000 individuals of varying ages and at various stages of tooth
problems. Complex cases are attended to by dental surgeons at the
main Centre. This is in stark contrast to the picture that one finds
in India where some 700 million people have poor or no access to
dental care and most of this population resides in the country's
rural areas. Good dental care is expensive, besides a dentist can
hardly make a living as a dentist in rural areas.
Health needs to be
seen as Wealth. This can become possible when explicit knowledge
is translated into strategy and action, creating value that leverages
tacit knowledge especially when stakeholders consciously choose
to be collaborative, as is the case with this programme.
Dr. Verré and his team of Dental Care Providers (Team photo)
are holistic care-providers. By training them as dental health workers
their intrinsic nature finds a happy expression making them dynamic,
confident and innovative while delivering health care. Their status
as professional heath care workers raises their self-esteem in the
family, their community and among local governance bodies. They
are accepted for what they are; sparkling toothy smiles are the
new measure of success!
Smaller but conscious
organizations like self-help groups and entrepreneurs need to base
their sustainability by managing knowledge and knowledge resources
(in this case-women) even more, because they lack the market leverage
and resources of their larger counterparts. They have to be more
nimble, responsive than reactive, take timely and more "right"
decisions and use appropriate communication strategies- for, their
survival depends on it.
"You are what
you eat;" says Suriyagandhi, "if you cannot chew your
food properly you will have poor digestion and therefore poor health.
Poor health will affect your whole life and your family will suffer
too!" The logic is quite simple.
Portrait: Michio Kaku
Dr. Michio Kaku is a theoretical physicist, professor, futurist,
best-selling author, and popularizer of science. Hes the
co-founder of string field theory (a branch of string theory),
and continues Einsteins search to unite the four fundamental
forces of nature into one unified theory.
He has appeared on television (Discovery, BBC, ABC, Science Channel,
and CNN to name a few), written for popular science publications
like Discover, Wired, and New Scientist, been featured in documentaries
like Me & Isaac Newton, and hosted many of his own including
BBCs recent series on Time.
Theoretical Physicist - Dr. Michio Kaku is the co-creator
of string field theory, a branch of string theory. He received
a B.S. (summa cum laude) from Harvard University in 1968 where
he came first in his physics class. He went on to the Berkeley
Radiation Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley
and received a Ph.D. in 1972. In 1973, he held a lectureship at
Einsteins search for a Theory of Everything,
seeking to unify the four fundamental forces of the universe -
the strong force, the weak force, gravity and electromagnetism.
He is the author
of several scholarly, Ph.D. level textbooks and has had more than
70 articles published in physics journals, covering topics such
as superstring theory, supergravity, supersymmetry, and hadronic
Professor of Physics
- He holds the Henry Semat Chair and Professorship in theoretical
physics at the City College of New York, where he has taught for
over 25 years. He has also been a visiting professor at the Institute
for Advanced Study at Princeton, as well as New York University
Kaku believes that the very future of the human race is on
the line. "We're at a precipice; we are experiencing the
birth pangs of a 'Type 1 Civilisation'. And there's no guarantee
we'll make it."
Kaku defines a Type 1 civilization as one that is truly a planetary
society, who has mastered all forms of terrestrial energy. Their
energy output is much greater than ours.
"Black holes distort this fabric of space-time maximally,
and you can show that black holes can be time machines,"
Kaku said. "If you go through a black hole, in principle,
you can go to another point in space-time, just like [the fictional]
"We want to push the laws of physics until they break,"
explained Kaku. "Because that's where you make new discoveries,
by looking at where the old theory breaks down."
"Some people think, 'Well, maybe a backyard inventor may
invent a time machine,' " said Kaku. "I don't think
so - I don't think a backyard inventor's going to find a time
machine anytime soon."
"I'd actually prefer to go to the future. You know, nature
gives you a finite life span, but all the good stuff - antimatter
drives and parallel universes - takes place beyond your lifetime.
So, I want to see beyond my years."
"The World in 2030"
Richard Nass interviews Dr. Michio Kaku about the content of his
Keynote Address at the Embedded Systems Conference.
Enjoy the summer!
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the Season Program 2010 / 2011:
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