about the future of Governance
and Federalism in the European Union and the United States; Exploring
by S. Fabbrini
The European Union - a supranational system
with its own institutional characteristics and autonomy - has a structure
and functional logic which are more similar to those of the US than
those of European nation states. Yet, by and large, the EU and the
US tend to be analyzed more as potential geopolitical and economic
rivals or allies than compared as institutional peers.
By bringing together some of the most influential political scientists
and historians to compare the European and American experiences of
federalism, this book explores the future development, and seeks a
better understanding, of a post-national European Union democracy.
The book consists of three parts.
- How the EU has developed and the implications
of the process of European federalization
- The features of American federalism,
tracing the intellectual debate that led to the approval of the
American federal constitution in 1787
- The future of European Union.
Robert A. Dahl concludes the volume,
exploring the difficulties of democracy on an international scale.
He looks at the prospects for deliberately created democratic institutions
and the problems of size, legitimacy and identity.
This unique volume will be of interest to students and scholars studying
European politics, American politics, federalism and comparative politics.
by Robert Agranoff, Michael McGuire
Local governments do not stand alone - they find themselves in new
relationships not only with state and federal government, but often
with a widening spectrum of other public and private organizations
as well. The result of this re-forming of local governments calls
for new collaborations and managerial responses that occur in addition
to governmental and bureaucratic processes-as-usual, bringing locally
generated strategies or what the authors call "jurisdiction-based
management" into play.
Based on an extensive study of 237 U.S. cities within five states,
Collaborative Public Management provides an in-depth look at how city
officials work with other governments and organizations to develop
their city economies and what makes these collaborations work. Exploring
the more complex nature of collaboration across jurisdictions, governments,
and sectors, Agranoff and McGuire illustrate how public managers address
complex problems through strategic partnerships, networks, contractual
relationships, alliances, committees, coalitions, consortia, and councils
as they function together to meet public demands through other government
agencies, nonprofit associations, for-profit entities, and many other
types of nongovernmental organizations.
Beyond the "how" and "why," Collaborative Public Management
identifies the importance of different managerial approaches by breaking
them down into parts and sequences, and describing the many kinds
of collaborative activities and processes that allow local governments
to function in new ways to address the most nettlesome public challenges.
Oxford Handbook of Public Management
Ewan Ferlie (Editor), Laurence E. Lynn (Editor), Christopher Pollitt
The public sector continues to play a strategic role across the world.
The last thirty years have seen major shifts in approaches to public
sector management in many different countries. There is also a fierce
debate across academic disciplines about contemporary public adminstration/management:
some advocate the use of more managerialist approaches; while others
critique them. New functions have also arisen in the public sector,
such as evaluation or management consulting, which require analysis.
There is a renewed need for an analysis of contemporary public sector
organisations, which are changing rapidly before our eyes.
Thus it is time for an authoritative assessment of the major trends
in public management, embracing both their intended and unintended
effects. This Handbook brings together leading international scholars
to comment on key current issues. The individual chapters include
a mix of broad overviews, in depth exploration of particular thematic
areas and analyses of different theoretical perspectives such as political
science, management, sociology and economics. The authors have been
given sufficient space to develop their distinctive arguments. The
editors provide an overall concluding chapter. The Handbook combines
scholarly rigour, engaging writing from senior authors and high policy
relevance. It will be relevant to advanced students, researchers and
reflective public sector practitioners.
the State: Governance and Governmentality in India
by Stuart Corbridge, Glyn Williams, Manoj Srivastava, Rene Veron
Poor people confront the state on an everyday basis all over the world.
But how do they see the state, and how are these engagements conducted?
This book considers the Indian case where people's accounts, in particular
in the countryside, are shaped by a series of encounters that are
staged at the local level, and which are also informed by ideas that
are circulated by the government and the broader development community.
Drawing extensively on fieldwork conducted in eastern India and their
broad range of expertise, the authors review a series of key debates
in development studies on participation, good governance, and the
structuring of political society. They do so with particular reference
to the Employment Assurance Scheme and primary education provision.
Seeing the State engages with the work of James Scott, James Ferguson
and Partha Chatterjee, and offers a new interpretation of the formation
of citizenship in South Asia.
the Chinese Leviathan: Market Transition and the Politics of Governance
by Dali L. Yang
In this provocative, important study, Dali Yang examines a wide range
of governance reforms in the People's Republic of China, including
administrative rationalization, divestiture of businesses operated
by the military, and the building of anticorruption mechanisms, to
analyze how China's leaders have reformed existing institutions and
constructed new ones to cope with unruly markets, curb corrupt practices,
and bring about a regulated economic order.
Though still a work in progress, taken together these reforms, Yang
argues, have improved the institutional environment for economic development
and altered the landscape for China’s ongoing struggle against rampant
corruption. These measures are also likely to have important implications
for the exercise of governmental authority and for China’s future
political development. As China’s role on the world stage expands,
the way the Chinese state conducts itself assumes increasing importance
not just for those concerned about the welfare of the Chinese people
but also for those interested in China’s role in regional and world
affairs. For readers interested in either China’s domestic development
or in the country’s foreign relations, this timely volume offers much
food for thought.
by Iris Marion Young
This controversial new look at democracy in a multicultural society
considers the ideals of political inclusion and exclusion, and recommends
ways to engage in democratic politics in a more inclusive way. Processes
of debate and decision making often marginalize individuals and groups
because the norms of political discussion are biased against some
forms of expression. Inclusion and Democracy broadens our understanding
of democratic communication by reflecting on the positive political
functions of narrative, rhetorically situated appeals, and public
protest. It reconstructs concepts of civil society and public sphere
as enacting such plural forms of communication among debating citizens
in large-scale societies. Iris Marion Young thoroughly discusses class,
race, and gender bias in democratic processes, and argues that the
scope of a polity should extend as wide as the scope of social and
economic interactions that raise issues of justice. Today this implies
the need for global democratic institutions. Young also contends that
due to processes of residential segregation and the design of municipal
jurisdictions, metropolitan governments which preserve significant
local autonomy may be necessary to promote political equality. This
latest work from one of the world's leading political philosophers
will appeal to audiences from a variety of fields, including philosophy,
political science, women's studies, ethnic studies, sociology, and
Things Public: Atmospheres of Democracy
by Bruno Latour (Editor), Peter Weibel (Editor)
Another monumental ZKM publication, redefining politics as a concern
for things around which the fluid and expansive constituency of the
public gathers; with contributions by more than 100 writers and artists.
In this groundbreaking editorial and curatorial project, more than
100 writers, artists, and philosophers rethink what politics is about.
In a time of political turmoil and anticlimax, this book redefines
politics as operating in the realm of things. Politics is not just
an arena, a profession, or a system, but a concern for things brought
to the attention of the fluid and expansive constituency of the public.
But how are things made public? What, we might ask, is a republic,
a res publica, a public thing, if we do not know how to make things
public? There are many other kinds of assemblies, which are not political
in the usual sense, that gather a public around things - scientific
laboratories, supermarkets, churches, and disputes involving natural
resources like rivers, landscapes, and air. The authors of Making
Things Public - and the ZKM show that the book accompanies - ask what
would happen if politics revolved around disputed things. Instead
of looking for democracy only in the official sphere of professional
politics, they examine the new atmospheric conditions - technologies,
interfaces, platforms, networks, and mediations that allow things
to be made public. They show us that the old definition of politics
is too narrow; there are many techniques of representation - in politics,
science, and art - of which Parliaments and Congresses are only a
part. The authors include such prominent thinkers as Richard Rorty,
Simon Schaffer, Peter Galison, Richard Powers, Lorraine Daston, Richard
Aczel, and Donna Haraway; their writings are accompanied by excerpts
from John Dewey, Shakespeare, Swift, La Fontaine, and Melville. More
than 500 color images document the new idea of what Bruno Latour and
Peter Weibel call an "object-oriented democracy."
And the Public Sector
by Ron Hodges (Editor)
This authoritative collection reprints in book form some of the most
important research papers on the principles and practice of governance
in the public sector.
Part one reflects on the eclectic nature of public-sector governance
research, presenting papers which represent six different perspectives
of the meaning of governance in a public sector setting. Parts two and
three focus on the relationship between governance structures and public
sector management and accountability. The articles presented in part
four consider governance within various national and international contexts,
such as the IMF and the World Bank, the USA, Europe and Australia together
with the impact of globalization on governance in developing countries.
Ron Hodges’ collection will provide an invaluable source of understanding
to all those working in the field of public sector governance.
28 articles, dating from 1984 to 2003
Network Society: A Cross-Cultural Perspective
by Manuel Castells (Editor)
Manuel Castells - one of the world’s pre-eminent social scientists
- has drawn together a stellar group of contributors to explore the
patterns and dynamics of the network society in its cultural and institutional
diversity. The book analyzes the technological, cultural and institutional
transformation of societies around the world in terms of the critical
role of electronic communication networks in business, everyday life,
public services, social interaction and politics. The contributors
demonstrate that the network society is the new form of social organization
in the Information age, replacing the Industrial society. The book
analyzes processes of technological transformation in interaction
with social culture in different cultural and institutional contexts:
the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Finland, Russia,
China, India, Canada, and Catalonia. The topics examined include business
productivity, global financial markets, cultural identity, the uses
of the Internet in education and health, the anti-globalization movement,
political processes, media and identity, and public policies to guide
technological development. Taken together these studies show that
the network society adopts very different forms, depending on the
cultural and institutional environments in which it evolves. The Network
Society, now available in paperback, is an outstanding and original
volume of direct interest in academia - particularly in the fields
of social sciences, communication studies, and business schools -
as well as for policymakers engaged in technological policy and economic
development. Business and management experts will also discover much
of value to them within this book.
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